Abstracts – JRAHS Vol 98, Part 1 June 2012
‘Beyond One Man’s Power : Anglican parish life in south-east Queensland, 1848-1875
Dr Howard Le Couteur
From the time that the Moreton Bay District was opened up to free settlement Anglicans struggled with the realities of voluntaryism. They were called upon to fund the building of churches, parsonages and schools: they had to pay a clergyman’s stipend; and they had to provide the running expenses of the parish. Drawing on the culture of Anglicanism ‘at home’ in England, they tackled the problems reluctantly at first, but then with growing confidence and enthusiasm. This paper explores how they went about the task: the founding of a parish: constructing the parish churches, and the necessary fundraising to bring dreams to reality.
Working the Land Laws: manipulation and management of free selection on Ollera Station, Guyra, 1860-1914
Dr Margaret Rodwell
This paper answers the call for ‘many detailed local studies’ with which Bill Gammage ended his seminal inquiry into the rationale and consequences of free selection in colonial New South Wales. Close examination of official documents and the wealth of letters, journals, ledgers and relevant papers concerning Ollera Station, Guyra, which are held by the University of New England and Regional Archives at Armidale will permit answers to be found, for this historically-important pastoral station, to the crucially important questions Gammage posed twenty years ago: Who got land under the selection acts, and [to whom were they connected]?… which selectors were genuine? … which squatters and selectors were successful? … how and why?
‘Patriotic and powerful historians’: Commemorating the first crossing of the Blue Mountains
Dr Siobhan Lavelle
They came from across the state and around the nation, in numbers that eclipsed any public event in the district’s living memory. They stood on a rocky plateau and surveyed the promised land as their forebears had done a century earlier. The year was 1913, the venue Mount York, and the occasion was the centenary of the celebrated trek across the Blue Mountains by Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth which opened up pastoral expansion and settlement beyond Sydney and the Cumberland Plain. As the bicentenary of this pivotal event in Anglo-Australian historiography approaches in 2013 it is timely to consider how the grand narrative of the Blue Mountains Crossing was created, disseminated and implanted into the minds of the community. The RAHS played a pivotal role. As well as organised ceremonies and performative events such as re-enactments, the 1913 centenary celebrations also gave rise to a chain of permanent memorials from Penrith to Bathurst which localised a particular version of the events and explanation of the consequences of the First Crossing.
Australia’s First Commissioner for Refugees: the ‘call from Macedonia’ and Australian humanitarian relief in the League of Nations
Dr Panayiotis Diamadis
This paper is designed as a synopsis of the depth of Australian involvement in the unprecedented common humanitarian cause that was the effort to rescue and rehabilitate the survivors of the Hellenic, Armenia and Assyrian Genocide survivors. It also represents the diversity of organisations that collaborated in this common cause: the League of Nations, Near East Relief, Save the Children Fund, and more. This broad sweep leads the reader into the work of (arguably) the most important Australian involved: George Devine Treloar. The stories in this paper are a powerful testament to the ability of individuals to exact change.
Selection on the Cooleman Run, County of Cowley, New South Wales
Dr Iain Stuart
This paper discusses the process of selection on the Cooleman run in the Brindabella ranges north-west of Canberra. Using newly available sources material the paper looks at the selections made by the leaseholders of the run, the de Salis family and the dispute between them and Fredrick Campbell which resulted in hostile selection on the run. The process of selection is looked at in detail demonstrating how the Conditional Purchase process worked and could be manipulated. The study is also of interest as it is of a geographical area not usually covered in previous discussions of the selection process.
Mixed-Race unions and Indigenous demography In the Hunter Valley of New South Wales, 1788 -1850
Emeritus Professor John Ramsland and Dr Greg Blyton
This article traces the nature and significance of mixed-race unions between Aborigines and Europeans, especially in the early colonial period, with particular reference to the Hunter Valley Region of New South Wales, chosen as a suitably extensive social, cultural and geographic location. The enduring notion of ultimate absorption into the mainstream European/Australian society through the process of miscegenation and detribalisation is closely examined.
Consideration is given to the recognition of mixed ancestry in family dynasties in Hunter Valley Aboriginal communities. The impact of the New South Wales Aborigines Protection Board on the creation of separate communities is glanced at along the way. The major twentieth century demographical outcomes are then examined in the concluding remarks.