Abstracts – JRAHS Vol. 100, Part 1 June 2014
Towards a destruction of the myths concerning Admiral Arthur Phillip
It is the hypothesis of this paper that the time has come to dispose of a number of myths concerning Admiral Arthur Phillip, many of which were broadcast on national Broadcast on national television station with the aid of Geoffrey Robertson QC and Bob Carr. Robertson QC has asserted that the Admiral’s remains had been lost and that it was his idea of to exhume the remains of the Admiral and that of Bob Carr to re-bury them in Sydney. A number of other myths are addressed by this paper, which concludes that the myths identified in it have no historical basis, and should be rejected.
Myra Willard and the ghost of white Australia
The ideal of a white Australia defined the national identity from the late 1830s to the 1970s. Myra Willard’s ‘nationalist’ interpretation of the White Australia policy is still supported by many Australians, and some historians. Willard explained in an interview in 1968 that her book focused only on the positive arguments for a white Australia and did not delve into the ‘illogical fears and passions’ that can dominate politics in liberal democracies. The White Australia policy ended in 1973 but its ghost continues to haunt the body politic. A better understanding of its history may be the best way of exorcizing this ghost.
Keeping it in the family: land use and cultural cohesion in the colonial German settlements of Southern New South Wales 1860–1940
The Germans who migrated to the Riverina area of Southern NSW in the second half of the nineteenth century provide a useful historic case study to examine how the patterns of intermarriage among an ethnic community persisted and to what degree this is manifested in the selection of land allotments and cohabitation. An examination of parish maps, birth and marriages registers showed that the first locally born clustered spatially and expressed a high degree of endogamy. Endogamy in the second generation forced for marriages to occur further afield. The third locally born generation finally married outside their ethnic boundaries.
Following the leaders: the role of non-indigenous activism in the development and legitimation of Daguragu community (Wattie Creek) 1969-1973
This article describes events occurring in the wake of the Northern Territory’s Indigenous protest known as the ‘Wave Hill Walk-off’, 1966. The political alliance between the residents of an illegal Gurindji camp on Wave Hill Station and their non-Indigenous supporters during a protracted fight for Land Rights is examined. The article explores the key practical and ideological difficulties encountered in executing that alliance, and self-questioning among members of ABSCHOL (a tertiary student body) and the Sydney and Melbourne-based Save the Gurindji Committees that arose as a result. This paper does not deal comprehensively with the work done by all support groups during the period but rather focuses on the Gurindji struggle’s lesser-known events, organisations and individuals within the context of a critical period of rapid political, economic and social change in Australia’s pastoral north.
Empires of faith, mind and body: St John’s College, University of Sydney 1857 – 1918
St John’s at the University of Sydney was the first residential Catholic University College founded in the British Empire. The College came into being with the establishment of the secular University of Sydney with its associated residential religious colleges. The interaction between English Benedictine educational traditions and Australian Irish community hopes and expectations then provided the basis for its actual foundation in 1857. The student body was soon drawn from the expanding Catholic school systems throughout New South Wales and Queensland. By World War One, St John’s was integrated into the University and the major professions with most of its graduates committed to ideals of Empire.